Environmental Defense Fund

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Recognized as a top National Climate Change nonprofit in the following years:
Medal-big-2009
Medal-big-2012
54 Thumbsup 11 Thumbsdown   Info-sm
"Up" is the number of experts who agree that the nonprofit has had the most impact in the field. "Down" is the number of experts who disagree that the nonprofit has had the most impact in field.
Environmental-defense-fund
Headquarters Location: New York, NY 
Founded: 1967 


Mission: Environmental Defense Fund’s mission is to preserve the natural systems on which all life depends. Guided by science and economics, we find practical and lasting solutions to the most serious environmental problems.


Tags: 2012, national, climate change, litigation, policy, conservation, aternative energy


Environmental-defense-fund
Story: In a triumph for clean air, automakers and the federal government agreed to require that cars average 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. The rules, expected at the end of 2011, would mark the first major gain since 1975.
When… Read the full story.

Expert Reviews: Evidence of Impact
The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) has become a thought leader in the climate change community. They are exceptionally knowledgeable on cap and trade, and have made huge policy gains around this and other strategies. Their advocacy work includes influencing the EPA’s emission standards for power plants and petroleum refineries, legal victories related to the Clean Air Act, and more. Their organizational strategies of engaging a range of stakeholders, focusing on environmental stewardship, and establishing themselves as independent from many other organizations, have proved effective in many ways. Their work on developing market-driven climate change strategies has had a huge impact in shifting priorities within businesses.
See the complete expert review.

Leadership
Environmental-defense-fund Fred  Krupp . In his 26 years as head of Environmental Defense Fund, Fred Krupp has overseen the growth of EDF from a small nonprofit with budget of $3 million into a recognized worldwide leader in the environmental movement. Under his direction, EDF’s full-time staff has increased from 50 to 350, membership has expanded from 40,000 to more than 500,000 and new offices… See full bio.


Transparency Information
Silver-big
This organization has earned the GuideStar Participation Level Silver, demonstrating its commitment to transparency (learn more)


Financial Data
Charity Navigator Rating: 4stars (profile)
Total Revenue:
$96,358,261


From the Nonprofit
The nonprofit has not added any comments yet. If you are a representative of this nonprofit and would like to leave a comment, please email us at feedback@myphilanthropedia.org with your request.


Contact Info
E-Mail:
Phone:
 (800) 684-3322
Facebook:
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Address:
257 Park Avenue South
 
New York, NY  10010 , USA
Twitter:
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Environmental-defense-fund Story: In a triumph for clean air, automakers and the federal government agreed to require that cars average 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025. The rules, expected at the end of 2011, would mark the first major gain since 1975.
When fully implemented, they could cut oil use by 2.2 million barrels a day— nearly half what the U.S. imports from OPEC.
The Obama administration also issued the first-ever fuel economy standards for large trucks and buses, requiring a 20% cut in greenhouse gas emissions from heavy trucks by 2018.
EDF played a critical role in both cases. We helped pass the 2002 California law that provided the foundation for strong new national auto standards. And our work with major engine manufacturers has helped spur new technologies for more efficient and less polluting trucks. $3,000 Money saved by consumers over lifetime of model year 2016 vehicles
1.8 billion Barrels of oil saved over lifetime of 2012-2016 model year cars
$73,000 Potential savings by a trucker over lifetime of new vehicle
530 million Barrels of oil saved over lifetime of 2014-2018 model year trucks and buses

Expert Reviews of Environmental Defense Fund

Evidence of Impact Summary:

The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) has become a thought leader in the climate change community. They are exceptionally knowledgeable on cap and trade, and have made huge policy gains around this and other strategies. Their advocacy work includes influencing the EPA’s emission standards for power plants and petroleum refineries, legal victories related to the Clean Air Act, and more. Their organizational strategies of engaging a range of stakeholders, focusing on environmental stewardship, and establishing themselves as independent from many other organizations, have proved effective in many ways. Their work on developing market-driven climate change strategies has had a huge impact in shifting priorities within businesses.
See expert comments.

Organization Strengths Summary:

The Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) has a keen understanding of the many avenues that will lead to significant progress in climate change. They integrate scientific information, partnerships across sectors, and advocacy into their work, and they are mindful of connecting interrelated issues. Another organizational strength is their phenomenal staff, who are talented, dedicated, and cover a range of disciplines. The organization also has a high level of focus, political savvy, and pragmatism that helps them make sound strategic decisions.
See expert comments.

Areas for Improvement Summary:

Experts suggest that the Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) work to improve on their collaborations with other organizations. They should work both to seek out more opportunities and to improve on these relationships once engaged. EDF could also improve by bringing on more staff with a history of experience in direct action. They may also consider refining their strategy to include climate response strategies in their rhetoric and to become more nimble and politically responsive. They could also improve by communicating the issues in a way that helps to de-polarize and de-politicize them.
See expert comments.

Expert Comments: Evidence of Impact

Select the boxes to display the results according to expert type.

Show:
X
Foundation Professionals (F)
X
Researchers and Faculty (R)
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Nonprofit Senior Staff (N)
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Other (consultants, journalists, policy makers) (O)

Advocacy and Lobbying

O
EDF has been a strong voice in driving policy change at the federal level. They have also engaged with individual companies to discourage coal and other high carbon fuel sources.
N
EDF's impact is policy engagement.
N
They are responsible for influential work with policymakers of different political parties and across constituencies, as well as innovative work on legal issues pertaining to the Clean Air Act.
N
EDF sued the EPA to force the agency to set greenhouse gas New Source Performance Standards for power plants and petroleum refineries. EDF helped form a coalition of businesses, nonprofits, and NGOs to lobby for climate legislation in 2009-2010 that formed a blueprint for the Waxman-Markey climate bill. I believe EDF worked in Colorado to help pass legislation calling for the closure of coal-fired power plants, which is very innovative.
N
They work on policy, legal, and regulatory interventions.

Market-Driven Solutions

O
They are focused on pursuit of market-based solutions for energy efficiency finance, particularly utility bill repayment.
N
EDF has done an excellent job working very deeply with select companies to create real change. The most obvious example is their work with Wal-Mart to create a sustainable supply chain, which has huge implications for a variety of environmental issues, including climate change.
N
They use market incentives to change behavior, and are the best group to get things done. The business approach is effective when working with corporations to reduce greenhouse gas. Their corporate partnership program is a very important part of moving business to change its behavior. When profit is demonstrated by doing business more sustainably, things change. Their impact has been showing that an environmentally sensitive operation can also be profitable. Businesses will not change their behavior unless it is profitable to do so.

Effective Strategy

N
They have engaged a variety of decision makers, including the business community, which has led to their changes in behaviors associated with emissions. They work at multiple scales to influence action on this issue. I have reviewed many of their reports on climate change mitigation and adaptation and found them very helpful and cutting edge.
R
EDF's focus is on environmental stewardship, with a major emphasis on global climate change. EDF is effective in reaching out to its donors and subscribers with timely information about policy and legislation. Its positions are solidly based on science.
N
They maintain their distance from other environmental NGOs, creating a sense of independence. They hire staff with strong technical backgrounds and have convened diverse groups to identify common ground on low carbon fuels.

Sector Leaders

N
EDF has historically been one of the drivers of a specific policy solution, cap and trade. They have raised a lot of money for the effort, both for themselves and the larger community effort in 2009-2010.
F
Their impact is their thought leadership in the field.
N
They are a leader on cap and trade and an effective participant in the U.S. Department of Agriculture and Tropical Forest and Timber Coalition. EDF organized leaders in Acre, Brazil to support forest carbon and REDD+.


Expert Comments: Organization Strengths

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X
Foundation Professionals (F)
X
Researchers and Faculty (R)
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Nonprofit Senior Staff (N)
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Other (consultants, journalists, policy makers) (O)

Strong Knowledge Base

O
Their strengths are their science-based approach and compelling communications.
N
Their technical and academic capabilities allow them to shape policy and engage industry.

Strong Staff & Leadership

O
They have staff that know both environment and industry (e.g. former bankers and utility specialists) who are capable of bridging the two worlds in ways that deliver results.
N
The organization has pragmatic and effective leadership. They also fill a unique niche, have an active board, and employ a strong staff.
N
EDF has a strong staff. Some of those who work in its corporate programs have been there for a long time, allowing them to develop deep relationships with business partners.
N
EDF has fabulous staff. Vicky Patton knows the Clean Air Act inside out. Megan Ceronsky is a good addition on climate issues. EDF also has a reputation as being business-friendly and more moderate than other groups.
N
They have a highly skilled staff of leaders; they have expert scientists and economists working together. EDF finds the ways that work and is making huge strides working with Fed-Ex, Wal-Mart, and McDonald's. They offer creative economic incentives to do the right thing.
O
I believe that EDF does many good things and has some sensational staff members.

Focus & Pragmatism

N
Their staff are very focused and use their time well.
N
They have strong leadership and focus on action on climate change. Another strength is their focus on reaching out to Republicans and business interests.
F
EDF's strengths are pragmatism, great partnership with business, and credibility.
N
They are focused, strategic, and have a smart and savvy staff. EDF is willing to take a pro-market stance, and partners well with industry.
N
I think they help to refine a business message and are a solid organization.

Integrated Approach

N
They work on policy engagement in a variety of cross-cutting and inter-related areas.
R
On the EDF webpage is a link to supply comments to the EPA in support of limits on CO2 emissions from electrical power generation. It already has more than 81,000 comments. Their approach involves integrating sound scientific information, economic and business partnerships, and advocating policy decisions in a non-partisan approach.
N
Their strengths include their strategic communications and marketing teams, great partnerships with corporations, and strong finances.


Expert Comments: Areas for Improvement

Select the boxes to display the results according to expert type.

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X
Foundation Professionals (F)
X
Researchers and Faculty (R)
X
Nonprofit Senior Staff (N)
X
Other (consultants, journalists, policy makers) (O)

De-Polarize the Issue

O
EDF, as with many advocates, will at times paint a picture that is one-sided, not providing a balanced picture of some of the challenges faced by companies in addressing climate change.
O
EDF, and all environmental nonprofits, should work on depoliticizing and depolarizing the issue.

Grow Staff Capacity

N
They need more staff with a history of on-the-ground experience.
N
They do not have much on-the-ground experience.

Improve Collaboration

N
The organization can be much too arrogant, too secretive, and not transparent enough with the rest of the environmental community.
N
They should be more active in seeking collaboration with other nonprofit groups and think tanks.

Increase Regional Presence

R
I would like to see an office in the Northwest.
N
They should reach out to more states that are not as active on climate issues.

Refine Strategy

F
They could develop stronger nimbleness and willingness to change strategy in the face of shifting political dynamics.
N
They should integrate climate response actions into their climate advocacy.
O
There are many impressive people at EDF, but I am consistently saddened by the group's theory of change and its propensity to start its advocacy work from a posture of profound compromise. It played a destructive role during the cap and trade fight, quelling any effort to move a cap and dividend agenda, and cutting deals behind closed doors. I wish the group would risk more tension with its business allies and work to galvanize its many affluent partners in support of a more ambitious policy and political agenda. I would suggest they take their Board and staff to a highly impacted, low-income community, and then craft their strategy. They have such capacity - but undermine others far too often.
N
They are somehow always disappointing in their level of influence.
N
They are too willing to compromise with polluters. It undercuts rest of movement.
F
I disagree with some of their strategies and I think that in some instances their work is affirmatively harmful. For example; in California, they have entered several lawsuits to actively oppose claims brought by environmental justice groups and other climate activists that are challenging real flaws and shortcomings with California's cap-and-trade program. I also think their aggressive promotion of purely market-based mechanisms often has the effect, intended or otherwise, of undercutting support for highly successful and critically needed direct, traditional pollution reduction programs.

Increase Flexibility

N
EDF is not as nimble as it used to be.


Leadership

Environmental-defense-fund
Fred  Krupp 
President
In his 26 years as head of Environmental Defense Fund, Fred Krupp has overseen the growth of EDF from a small nonprofit with budget of $3 million into a recognized worldwide leader in the environmental movement. Under his direction, EDF’s full-time staff has increased from 50 to 350, membership has expanded from 40,000 to more than 500,000 and new offices have opened in Raleigh, Austin, Boston, Sacramento and Beijing, China.

Fred is widely recognized as the foremost champion of harnessing market forces for environmental ends, such as the market-based acid rain reduction plan in the 1990 Clean Air Act that The Economist hailed as “the greatest green success story of the past decade.” Today, this approach has become the leading model for solving the problem of global warming.

Fred broke new ground by engaging American companies to lessen their impact on the environment. Strategic partnerships with McDonald’s, FedEx, and DuPont, among others, have resulted in the elimination of millions of pounds of waste, the adoption of hybrid delivery vehicles, and an accord to reduce the environmental risks of nanotechnology.

From the Nonprofit

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