Non-Ranked Nonprofit Reviews: International Water, Sanitation, & Hygiene 2011

Cause_pic
"Almost half of the developing world’s population – 2.5 billion people – lack improved sanitation facilities, and over 884 million people still use unsafe drinking water sources." -UNICEF
"Almost half of the developing world’s population – 2.5 billion people – lack improved sanitation facilities, and over 884 million people still use unsafe drinking water sources." -UNICEF

This is the complete list of all non-ranked nonprofits reviewed by our experts. We do not have enough information at this time to recommend these organizations, but have provided you with the complete expert reviews to learn more.


The type of expert is indicated by one of the following colors:
F
Foundation Professionals
R
Researchers and Faculty
N
Nonprofit Senior Staff
O
Other (consultants, journalists, policy makers)

Click on an organization to see what the experts say about its impact, strengths and areas for improvement.

Sort by name | Sort by recommendations | Sort by transparency

Drop in the Bucket (5 recommendations) I have seen the remarkable growth first hand in what they have achieved - over 50 projects last year alone .
Drop in the Bucket
Bronze-small

http://www.dropinthebucket.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
I have seen the remarkable growth first hand in what they have achieved - over 50 projects last year alone .
N
Drop in the Bucket has been supporting our communities by providing clean safe water wells to the most needy communities of rural schools . This year, Drop in the Bucket has supported 50 wells of which ten wells have been done by our organization and its output has given an impact of reduction of incidents of water related illnesses to our community.
N
This year they have completed 20 water sources in our area in different needy schools
R
They have successful projects and innovative ideas.
F
Drop in the Bucket has completed nearly 50 water and sanitation projects in Uganda this year and saved hundreds of children from walking many kilometers to look for water.

Organizational Strengths

O
Drop in the Bucket has its founder personally involved in its projects , spending 4 months or more in the field / each year as well as having full time employees in East Africa. The organisation is now employing senior local people full time.
N
Drop in the bucket has done wells to most regions of Uganda and southern Sudan focusing on most rural community.
N
They monitor work of the constructed water sources and they make sure that each water source elect the water user committee, the water user committee monitor the sustainability and the day to day caring of the constructed water sources.
R
They focus on drought and flooding events.
F
The staff of Drop in the Bucket are very focused on changing and transforming communities and are strict on their selection criteria to ensure that the most vulnerable communities benefit from their projects.

Areas for Improvement

O
Increased funding with this the work could be greatly expanded. Continuing support from local government agencies.
N
Continue to fund-raise, work with other nonprofits and alliances.
N
Improve in fundraising because there is a big need in the community there working like the southern Sudan.
R
They can lower admin costs, and improve website.
Millennium Water Alliance (4 recommendations) They have coordinated multi-partner program in Ethiopia that has reached nearly 1 million people. Their School WASH program in Central America has not only delivered services but also drawn attention to WASH in schools and engaged important donors such as the InterAmerican Development Bank.
Millennium Water Alliance

http://www.mwawater.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
They have coordinated multi-partner program in Ethiopia that has reached nearly 1 million people. Their School WASH program in Central America has not only delivered services but also drawn attention to WASH in schools and engaged important donors such as the InterAmerican Development Bank.
N
This was a very innovative partnership developed around ten years ago for key NGOs based in the United States supporting water and sanitation programmes. The Alliiance was developed to urge for increased funding for sector programmes and was successful in lobbying for the Paul Simon "Water for the Poor" Act, passed in 2007.

Organizational Strengths

N
Coalition of 10 US-based NGOs with strong focus on WASH / Leadership from leading US-based WASH experts.
N
Built on a robust partnership between organizations. Increasingly influential in advocating within the US.
N
Excellent network of NGOs including Care International, Water for People, Living Water and others. When fund-raising efforts are successful, funds are disbursed to the NGOs most active in the selected countries, including Ethiopia, Kenya, etc. based on past performance there.
F
They can cover a large territory or several countries in one grant as this is an association of the largest US NGOs. They are effective implementers

Areas for Improvement

N
Move focus on analysis to create an evidence base, as well as policy and advocacy, and less on service delivery. Make better use of member capacities and skills.
N
More alignment of the NGOs within the Alliance in terms of sector advocacy efforts.
F
They are too high in administrative costs.
a child's right (4 recommendations) Although a young organization with a limited track record, ACR is clearly committed to organizational transparency, learning, and excellence. www.proveit.org
a child's right
Silver-small

http://www.achildsright.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Although a young organization with a limited track record, ACR is clearly committed to organizational transparency, learning, and excellence. www.proveit.org
N
Their commitment to 10 year service provision and radical transparency allow them to both have and demonstrate their impact.
N
Great energy, post results transparently, small and have a ton of potential.
F
They are serving a population that is often overlooked - children in urban institutions - and insisting on the best quality. The water systems they use, while more expensive and not locally produced, are the same systems used by many global franchise organizations. They have rigorous monitoring and quality testing, and build strong in-country presence to provide support for the institutions that have had systems installed.

Organizational Strengths

N
Monitoring and evaluation, transparency, desire to improve.
N
Their fearless transparency and commitment to cutting edge monitoring and evaluation allows them to connect with stakeholders in an unprecedented manner. It will be exciting to watch ACR as they expand into new geographies.
N
Good leadership and smart people working there. Love their commitment to monitoring, and the results they have are good.
F
Visionary leadership, unique approach to serve an under-targeted population, constantly monitoring and evaluating work, very willing to admit (and learn from) failure.

Areas for Improvement

N
They are a bit too techie at times.
F
They have a risk of burnout for leadership because they are another lean organization that asks a lot from staff. They can provide better support for their leadership to avoid burnout.
HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation (3 recommendations) Helvetas is a leading Swiss nonprofit active in the water and sanitation sector, mostly in rural areas, and having documented its insight and impact in numerous publications.
HELVETAS Swiss Intercooperation

http://www.intercooperation.ch

Evidence of Impact

O
Helvetas is a leading Swiss nonprofit active in the water and sanitation sector, mostly in rural areas, and having documented its insight and impact in numerous publications.
R
Important innovations developed and promoted by them.

Organizational Strengths

O
Helvetas cooperates with local partners and has pooled a wide body of knowledge for low cost solutions in many developing and transition country settings.
R
Long term continuation of efforts in focus countries and thematically focused on water, hygiene and sanitation.
R
Marketing and fundraising are their strengths.

Areas for Improvement

O
Helvetas could improve its monitoring and evaluation methodology on various levels of the underlying development hypothesis, in particular by generating evidence on health and income impacts of access to improved water sources and sanitation, including hygiene education and training.
R
They could better develop local project officer strengths rather than having expats in-site.
R
They need to work more in networks, and relate stronger to local organizations.
Rotary International (3 recommendations) Rotary has switched their focus on water issues to doing large WASH projects that utilize their vast resources of funds, people and collaboration. Their foundation dollars are better served with these larger projects rather than using foundation dollars to support individual club projects that lack monitoring and long-term success.
Rotary International
Silver-small

http://www.rotary.org

Evidence of Impact

N
Rotary has switched their focus on water issues to doing large WASH projects that utilize their vast resources of funds, people and collaboration. Their foundation dollars are better served with these larger projects rather than using foundation dollars to support individual club projects that lack monitoring and long-term success.
N
There is no doubt that Rotary has made a huge contribution to water and sanitation through the projects it sponsors and supports all over the world through funding, advisory support, and community engagement.

Organizational Strengths

N
1. Rotary's strength is in their membership of people who want to do right by the world. They are proud, generous people who value everyone in the world. 2. Rotary is improving on their collaboration with other organizations. They are willing to tackle the big issues but they are coming to realize that in some areas like water and sanitation, their expertise may not lie in actually doing the work but rather funding the work and letting experts design, build and manage with Rotary oversight.
N
They have a lot of clout and the ability to raise a lot of funds and see a lot of projects done in multiple countries.
N
Strong local involvement via local Rotary Clubs / Financial strength through donations raised directly from Rotarians and through mobilization of additional funds. / Great track record in polio which has enabled it to develop strong global partnerships.

Areas for Improvement

N
The WASH Leadership is not funded properly. It needs a very strong leader for a multiple year commitment. Because of the nature of Rotary rules, Rotarians take on a position as President for a one year term. Their focus can change based on the goals of the incoming president and when that president changes every year, focus can be diminished when working on big multi-year projects.
N
They need a deeper understanding of Hygiene and Sanitation. Then things will multiply the effectiveness of the water project. They have advocates in Rotary that have this understanding but they need it project wide. They need to understand that projects cannot be accomplished without proper administration and supplies. These need to be able to be supplied with their funding.
N
Limited capacity for monitoring and evaluation which it is now trying to address. / Uncoordinated, piece meal approach to water and sanitation projects.
Safe Water Network (3 recommendations) The organizational integrity and patience to carefully canvas needs and possibilities - and then act in a single determined direction and incrementally learn from and expand their successes across countries. They are finding a business model in pro-poor water delivery, refining it, and making it common practices in vastly different geographies.
Safe Water Network
Silver-small

http://www.safewaternetwork.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
The organizational integrity and patience to carefully canvas needs and possibilities - and then act in a single determined direction and incrementally learn from and expand their successes across countries. They are finding a business model in pro-poor water delivery, refining it, and making it common practices in vastly different geographies.
N
Willingness to draw on market based approaches to water and sanitation has the potential drive strong impact.
N
High risk, high reward investments in safe water kiosks and rainwater harvesting systems in Asia and Africa . They place emphasis on sustainable financial and business models. They have strong relationships with local partners which will make the programs more scalable.

Organizational Strengths

O
This organization is unique in having developed what its mission was and starting by placing its own funds at the forefront of launching activities toward its mission. It remains autonomous in funding operations and is therefore not reliant on whims of politics, short-sighted programming, or the "flavor-of-the-moment" reactive implementation. Also, their Executive Director has undertook remarkably careful planning to ensure a consistent and coherent set of committed core partners who shared the vision and show-but-expanding approach central to their work.
N
Good leadership. Willingness to move beyond charity models and into sustainable business models.
N
Strong leadership, strong staff with some of the best business experience in the global WASH sector. They have big names on the Board of Directors.

Areas for Improvement

O
They can better balance a careful approach to all aspects of their work with the speed needed to address a critical life-threatening problem. They can also improve their ability to learn from and cull lessons learned from their field programs.
N
SWN could be more involved with the WASH sector, i.e. sharing their lessons learned with other NGOs in the U.S. and around the world. / - SWN has a great Board - they need to leverage the Board, and do more communicating.
charity: water (3 recommendations) Extremely effective at fundraising and bringing attention of WASH issues to the general public. Charity:Water also partners with high quality local and international NGO's as implementers.
charity: water
Silver-small

http://www.charitywater.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Extremely effective at fundraising and bringing attention of WASH issues to the general public. Charity:Water also partners with high quality local and international NGO's as implementers.
N
This organization has been able to, better than any other, raise awareness and draw attention to the issue of hygiene and sanitation and its broad reaching consequences for people all over the world. This organization mobilizes huge resources and seeks out the most highly qualified NGOs and partners to work with. They hold their partners accountable and produce results that make donors want to continue to invest in projects because they see results. This kind of attention to detail often falls prey to resource shortage, but not so for charity: water. They have made it a priority to do good work, the right way, and to prove to donors that they can support international development without the hassle of red tape, corruption, and waste. Their 100% model where all of donor money goes to projects is helping to rebuild the American public's faith in international development one water project at a time.
F
In almost five years, charity: water has raised $40 million and funded 4,282 water projects.

Organizational Strengths

N
Transparency, 100% of donations go directly to programs.
N
This organization has an incredible marketing division that is able to create innovative and eye-catching videos, photos, and graphics that are attractive to the average person, not just the development world. Their exciting campaigns draw in those who might not otherwise be interested in donating and their follow-up retains those donors for lifetimes full of giving. In addition, their willingness to look beyond the simple water project to the importance of capacity building and other essential aspects of long-term, sustainable development make them a trendsetter and an integral part of the aid landscape in the world today. Without them millions of people would still be drinking dirty water and millions of Americans would still be ignorant to the cause of clean water, hygiene, and sanitation.
F
Strong leadership, creative marketing, and 100% of the donations getting to the field make a powerful machine, and big impact.

Areas for Improvement

N
This organization could work to improve their reporting formats from partners and work to better collaborate with organizations in the field.
F
Finding strong partners to meet your high standards is always going to be a challenge in the developing world. But charity : water is a rock star at doing just that.
African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation (ANEW) (2 recommendations) ANEW was established in 2005 and FAN Global has been instrumental to its growth to become a recognized network of 23 national networks, engaged in evidence based advocacy at the national and Pan African levels, focused on achievement of the human right to water and sanitation for all. Financial sustainability remains an ongoing challenge for ANEW and although it is widely recognized that they are credible and highly relevant, they face a critical shortage of funding at this time and the capacity gains made over the last few years are at risk. ANEW already has a strong partnership with the African Ministers’ Council on Water. ANEW members were actively engaged with planning AfricaSan 2011 and its members were represented throughout. ANEW wants to build on this with funding to implement their strategic plan and ensure that African civil society takes a leading role in monitoring the eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan, with a focus on equity for the poor and marginalized. http://www.freshwateraction.net/content/africasan3-2011-digest
African Civil Society Network on Water and Sanitation (ANEW)

Evidence of Impact

N
ANEW was established in 2005 and FAN Global has been instrumental to its growth to become a recognized network of 23 national networks, engaged in evidence based advocacy at the national and Pan African levels, focused on achievement of the human right to water and sanitation for all. Financial sustainability remains an ongoing challenge for ANEW and although it is widely recognized that they are credible and highly relevant, they face a critical shortage of funding at this time and the capacity gains made over the last few years are at risk. ANEW already has a strong partnership with the African Ministers’ Council on Water. ANEW members were actively engaged with planning AfricaSan 2011 and its members were represented throughout. ANEW wants to build on this with funding to implement their strategic plan and ensure that African civil society takes a leading role in monitoring the eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan, with a focus on equity for the poor and marginalized. http://www.freshwateraction.net/content/africasan3-2011-digest
N
ANEW is an extensive network of civil society members working on water issues throughout the African continent. In the eight years that ANEW have been in existence, they have become a recognised and respected representative for civil society in Africa. This is demonstrated in the formal spaces they hold with AMCOW (the African Ministers Conference on Water) and at AfricaSan. They have attracted funding from the EU Water Facility, WaterAid and the South African Department for Water Affairs and Forestry.

Organizational Strengths

N
ANEW is made up of 23 national networks and governed by a Board of trustees, with a secretariat in Nairobi. / ANEW have representation on the SWA Steering Committee, an exciting opportunity to inform and influence at such a high level, with the potential to make a real impact on financing for sanitation.
N
ANEW staff are incredibly dedicated and the membership is well connected and vibrant despite the huge challenges of the sheer number of countries and languages.

Areas for Improvement

N
More work is needed to operationalise the MOU between ANEW and AMCOW in order to ensure the effective engagement of African CSOs making a sustained impact on policy making across the continent. There are high expectations and high demands but a significant capacity gap has been identified that hinder effective representation from members representing Southern civil society. Funding would help to bridge the gap by providing extra capacity in policy, research and communications.
N
ANEW is in need of core funding to strengthen the success of the work done so far and facilitate activities throughout the continent.
Africare (2 recommendations) We have personally visited WASH projects that have been completed by Africare. The construction was good, the end product what we expected. What was very impressive is the community involvement that they garner. They stress the educational part of the hygiene and make certain that everyone knows why to wash hands and use facilities and take care of them.
Africare
Silver-small

http://www.africare.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
We have personally visited WASH projects that have been completed by Africare. The construction was good, the end product what we expected. What was very impressive is the community involvement that they garner. They stress the educational part of the hygiene and make certain that everyone knows why to wash hands and use facilities and take care of them.
N
We have worked with Africare for the past 4 years. We have been very pleased with the quality of their work, and their educational training within rural African Schools and communities. Most of our projects are rainwater catchment, VIP latrines and handwashing stations. The technology seems to be appropriate for the rural setting, and are well done.

Organizational Strengths

N
1. They run their operation in the US but they have staff in country to follow up and work with the community. 2. They are very collaborative. They look for funding solutions in unique ways through partnerships with others.
N
Africare has wonderful project managers on the ground that appear to be very knowledgeable, and organized to make projects flow smoothly.

Areas for Improvement

N
1. Africare works in country and for no other reason than they are working with people in remote areas, their communication can be slow. 2. They have had recent turnover of staff in their US office.
N
Sustainability is of concern for us. Africare tends to blanket a rural area, and then move on. There does not seem to be follow up after the initial implementation. They do extensive training on the front end, but I believe the follow up is somewhat lacking.
Center for Global Safe Water (CGSW), Emory University (2 recommendations) Emory University's Center for Global is bringing science and rigorous research techniques into the somewhat muddled world of monitoring, evaluation and impact studies. They partner with organizations like CARE and the Millennium Water Alliance to show what programmatic aspects have impact and what can be tweaked (hygiene education and handwashing are notoriously weak, for example).
Center for Global Safe Water (CGSW), Emory University
Silver-small

Evidence of Impact

O
Emory University's Center for Global is bringing science and rigorous research techniques into the somewhat muddled world of monitoring, evaluation and impact studies. They partner with organizations like CARE and the Millennium Water Alliance to show what programmatic aspects have impact and what can be tweaked (hygiene education and handwashing are notoriously weak, for example).
F
In the relatively short period of the past decade, this Center has reached out with programs in many countries in Africa, Latin America, and Asia. The University's support from their own resources and from their fund raising has made possible most impressive menus of for water and sanitation research activities which have already benefitted the most impoverished of our global neighbors in need. They have recruited outstanding faculty and students many of whom have emerged and are becoming leaders in this field.

Organizational Strengths

O
The CGSW continues to expand its technical expertise with real world applications of research and educate a new generation of professionals who can build the learnings from this research into their work.
F
They have outstanding facilities at Emory in Atlanta which many of us see as the public health capital of the world. They have great teaching facilities, outstanding opportunities to place students in global field opportunities with outstanding mentors who are working in this field.

Areas for Improvement

O
The organizations they work for sometimes find them a bit slow and expensive.
Food for the Hungry (fh) (2 recommendations) Provision of water and sanitation in Cabo del Gado Mozambique.
Food for the Hungry (fh)
Silver-small

http://www.fh.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Provision of water and sanitation in Cabo del Gado Mozambique.
N
High impact in Northern Kenya where they are working in a difficult situation with nomadic tribes.

Organizational Strengths

N
Leadership.
N
Long time working in one region, good staff

Areas for Improvement

N
They can improve on decreasing turnover of staff.
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA) (2 recommendations) IPA makes it their explicit goal to identify impact in partnership with other nonprofits. In this sense, they are making the entire sector increasingly more evidence-based. One specific example of impact at the policy level is that IPA has influenced the Ministry of Education in Kenya towards adopting water treatment technologies at schools.
Innovations for Poverty Action (IPA)
Silver-small

http://www.poverty-action.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
IPA makes it their explicit goal to identify impact in partnership with other nonprofits. In this sense, they are making the entire sector increasingly more evidence-based. One specific example of impact at the policy level is that IPA has influenced the Ministry of Education in Kenya towards adopting water treatment technologies at schools.
R
Based on the very innovative work that IPA has done in India, Nepal, Kenya and other parts of the world in getting to the bottom of problems such as the design of the best possible household water treatment system etc. IPA's work is well thought out, well designed and internally monitored. In trying their solutions at scale, they provide a new model of how NGOs can learn and do at the same time.

Organizational Strengths

O
IPA releases very interesting and light-touch research that is nonetheless very rigorous. They do an excellent job of then translating this research into communications that can move the overall sector or influence policy.
R
Rigor and transparency

Areas for Improvement

O
IPA underpays their field staff and so is often unable to retain really excellent people. They need to invest more in their staff members beyond the professors. They also occasionally over-emphasize research of middling importance (although some of their research, for instance that on improving governance at health centers in Uganda, is truly excellent and important).
R
I think that they need to share their results more widely and more regularly.
International Rural Water Association (2 recommendations) They create programming in the sector and evaluate their mechanisms of involvement properly.
International Rural Water Association

http://www.intlruralwater.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
They create programming in the sector and evaluate their mechanisms of involvement properly.
N
Only organization with constant support to rural areas producing lasting sustainability of water and sanitation systems. Not solely project oriented. Focus is on continual provision of technical/managerial services through the circuit rider model. First to institute circuit rider model in emerging world.

Organizational Strengths

O
Monitor and evaluate properly their interventions.
N
Long term experience with circuit rider model, staff and volunteers have substantial experience with developing, operating, and managing rural water/sanitation systems. Results in practical and effective solutions, not academic experimentation. Effective use of donated dollars, cost benefit is very good.

Areas for Improvement

O
Since they are so decentralized, they can not secure the same mechanisms apply everywhere.
N
Fund raising and public relations.
Lifewater International (2 recommendations) Lifewater enables local community development organizations to improve their services in water, sanitation, and hygiene training.
Lifewater International
Silver-small

http://www.lifewater.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Lifewater enables local community development organizations to improve their services in water, sanitation, and hygiene training.
N
They have a long-term capacity building model with local NGOs, enabling them to implement quality WASH programming. They also have a strong hygiene and sanitation education programming using participatory methods.

Organizational Strengths

N
Very competent staff and highly motivated, professional-level volunteers.
N
Strong Executive Director; collaborative organization with core competencies that provide strong value-add to peer organizations.

Areas for Improvement

N
More Board involvement in fundraising.
N
They can improve by understanding drivers of community empowerment and can focus on adding program components that build community social capacity. They can also strengthen their Sanitation programming. Lastly, they can examine water technologies beyond shallow well drilling and biosand filters.
Live & Learn Environmental Education (2 recommendations) The tools that they produce are constantly in demand and hard to get because WASH professionals recognise that the LLEE approach engages the community in identifying the problem and the solution. They have provided sanitation and WASH solutions to some of the most remote and vulnerable communities, significantly improving their disaster resilience.
Live & Learn Environmental Education

http://www.livelearn.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
The tools that they produce are constantly in demand and hard to get because WASH professionals recognise that the LLEE approach engages the community in identifying the problem and the solution. They have provided sanitation and WASH solutions to some of the most remote and vulnerable communities, significantly improving their disaster resilience.
O
Their ability to continue to attract donor funds; their reporting mechanism.

Organizational Strengths

O
LLEE target communities and schools in their initiatives. Their hands on techniques are well adapted to local communities and engage the most affected stakeholders. Their materials are often very good, and are commonly used by other professionals
O
Good leadership and negotiation skills.

Areas for Improvement

O
An increased technical and market awareness would ensure that the most appropriate recommendations are consistently being made. / Increased resources would clearly be beneficial, not just to the organisation, but to other organisations that leverage improvements from the products.
O
Stronger networking and partnership building at the country level.
Living Water International (2 recommendations) They have a high commitment to water based outcomes (hardware) in their selected countries with success in drilling and training nationals.
Living Water International
Silver-small

http://www.water.cc/

Evidence of Impact

N
They have a high commitment to water based outcomes (hardware) in their selected countries with success in drilling and training nationals.
R
Working across a range of countries involving locals and approaching in a sustainable approach.

Organizational Strengths

N
Marketing and finances are strong. They also have strong training programs and advocacy programs.
R
A sense of mission. / Strong funding.

Areas for Improvement

N
They need to do more in the way of changing behaviors of communities and not only rely on the hardware aspects of WASH.
R
Assessment.
Methodist Relief And Development Fund (MRDF) (2 recommendations) They improve the capacity of the local community based organization they are working with through training them to carry out their work in a professional way.
Methodist Relief And Development Fund (MRDF)

http://www.mrdf.org.uk/

Evidence of Impact

N
They improve the capacity of the local community based organization they are working with through training them to carry out their work in a professional way.
N
MRDF has supported many Community based organizations in the WATSAN sector in form of grants.

Organizational Strengths

N
MRDF leadership is one the best leading structure in the world they appreciate the new innovative ideas of their local partners.
N
Good commitment and teamwork.

Areas for Improvement

N
They can organize more seminars to its local partners.
N
They should continue to support other organisations.
Population Services International (PSI) (2 recommendations) PSI releases many reports showing number of products sold or distributed (such as chlorine tablets and/or solution as well as ORS) and typically links this with epidemiological research that allows one to extrapolate to number of DALYs gained or deaths averted due to their interventions.
Population Services International (PSI)
Silver-small

http://www.psi.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
PSI releases many reports showing number of products sold or distributed (such as chlorine tablets and/or solution as well as ORS) and typically links this with epidemiological research that allows one to extrapolate to number of DALYs gained or deaths averted due to their interventions.
R
Population Services International is the leader in distribution of a variety of water treatment products (chlorine, combined disinfectants) worldwide, distributing products for both emergency distribution and social marketing cost recovery products in over 20 countries, and reaching over 10 million people per year with their products. Without a doubt, they are the NGO making the most impact in water treatment worldwide.

Organizational Strengths

N
PSI is very strong in monitoring and evaluation and is now communicating this well to a broader audience. They are a leader in working with the private sector and helping forge partnerships with NGOs and governments.
R
PSI's major strengths are their ability to develop and market a product, and nationally distribute it to other NGOs and direct users at an affordable price.

Areas for Improvement

N
PSI tends to remain in centralized, highly populated areas and is less effective at reaching the most vulnerable populations.
R
PSI is weaker at the community level, and is best when paired with a community NGO to do the door-to-door behaviour change.
Water & Sanitation Rotarian Action Group (2 recommendations) I have served on the Water for People Board for seven years and assisted them in program implementation for 20 years. During this time I pursued a working relationship with Rotary International and Wasrag (a start up group of RI). Five years ago I shifted my volunteer time to help Wasrag take advantage of the RI worldwide potential, and we have now launched a totally revised Wasrag/RI/TRF program that will coordinate and help manage the WASH program of 34,000 Rotary Clubs in 200 countries. This will include the tapping of the Rotary/TRF significant Fund raising and funding potential (ie Polio Plus $800 million matched by about $400 million from others). The Wasrag program has been primarily volunteer led and will now have some staff support from RI and TRF with a 25 country role out in 2012. The roll out and program will be based on many very successful examples by Rotary Districts (550 world wide Districts) including the Livingstonia Malawi Water Project and many more. The Wasrag program is part of the new Future Vision initiative of RI where six Areas of Focus will guide the 1.2 million Rotarians . The six areas are Water and Sanitation, Disease Prevention, Child/Maternal Health Care; Microfinance; Literacy; and Peace/Conflict Resolution. Water and Sanitation will be the model for the other delivery systems and when we do regional water projects, we will add as many of the other areas of focus to the community capacity building as appropriate. Our Livingstonia Water Project already has all but Peace and Conflict Resolution as part of the program after a six year $800,000 Rotary support system has been implemented. This model will be rolled out to begin implementation in 35 countries over the next five years. The work is by Wasrag, not the Foundation. They are beginning to change how hundreds of projects funded by Rotarian are done through a series of leadership changes. They are using existing RI projects as examples and test cases. Most are being done in partnership with other NGO like EWB, CCAP , WFP and others. The Livinstonia Malawi is a great example of the changes
Water & Sanitation Rotarian Action Group
Bronze-small

Evidence of Impact

O
I have served on the Water for People Board for seven years and assisted them in program implementation for 20 years. During this time I pursued a working relationship with Rotary International and Wasrag (a start up group of RI). Five years ago I shifted my volunteer time to help Wasrag take advantage of the RI worldwide potential, and we have now launched a totally revised Wasrag/RI/TRF program that will coordinate and help manage the WASH program of 34,000 Rotary Clubs in 200 countries. This will include the tapping of the Rotary/TRF significant Fund raising and funding potential (ie Polio Plus $800 million matched by about $400 million from others). The Wasrag program has been primarily volunteer led and will now have some staff support from RI and TRF with a 25 country role out in 2012. The roll out and program will be based on many very successful examples by Rotary Districts (550 world wide Districts) including the Livingstonia Malawi Water Project and many more. The Wasrag program is part of the new Future Vision initiative of RI where six Areas of Focus will guide the 1.2 million Rotarians . The six areas are Water and Sanitation, Disease Prevention, Child/Maternal Health Care; Microfinance; Literacy; and Peace/Conflict Resolution. Water and Sanitation will be the model for the other delivery systems and when we do regional water projects, we will add as many of the other areas of focus to the community capacity building as appropriate. Our Livingstonia Water Project already has all but Peace and Conflict Resolution as part of the program after a six year $800,000 Rotary support system has been implemented. This model will be rolled out to begin implementation in 35 countries over the next five years. The work is by Wasrag, not the Foundation. They are beginning to change how hundreds of projects funded by Rotarian are done through a series of leadership changes. They are using existing RI projects as examples and test cases. Most are being done in partnership with other NGO like EWB, CCAP , WFP and others. The Livinstonia Malawi is a great example of the changes
N
WASRAG was formed to assist developing communities with their water and sanitation needs. They work with communities for several years to meet their needs.

Organizational Strengths

O
Wasrag has the support of 34,000 Rotary Clubs and 1.2 million Rotarian in 200 countries. RI has successfully delivered on the $800 million Polio Plus /Eradication program---so staff and volunteer management for large world wide programs has been demonstrated. Wasrag is being designed, developed, and supported by a 1400 member Volunteer Wasrag Membership as a subgroup of Rotary International. These are mostly active professionals from throughout the world with a passion for WASH programming.; The framework of Regional International and its 34000 world wide clubs provides a potential to leverage their work into the countries and the communities in a way that has not occurred before. The framework is now being put into place under the RI Future Vision initiative, when used with effective partnership, a significant opportunity for world wide leadership is unfolding.
N
WASRAG has a very strong volunteer leadership base. They have a very well organized volunteer base and can leverage volunteer efforts. They also have many people who done WASH work for many years leading the organization.

Areas for Improvement

O
Improving the Web site for user friendly objectives and the associated data management system that can support the magnitude of the fully implemented program. The second area is to fully establish the "in country Regional Teams to oversee the filed work by volunteer Rotarian and NGO" There are plans in place to address both of these areas where we need improvement. Time and patience is required to change what has been happening, to take the benefits of the RI Polio Plus initiative and to convert it in to an operational strategy for WASH. RI and its 34,000 Clubs need to convert from a project approach to a program approach and then unleash the energy and talents of the Rotarian.
N
WASRAG could expand their impact by linking with other organizations to satisfy the communities needs for non-WASH work. Their time frame within the community could also be expanded or a monitoring program implemented to ensure sustainability.
Water Missions International (2 recommendations) They are committed to improving water quality and hence, people´s health.
Water Missions International
Silver-small

http://www.watermissions.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
They are committed to improving water quality and hence, people´s health.

Organizational Strengths

N
Experimenting new cost-effective technological alternatives. Working in areas that really need its support.
N
They provide an effective and portable water-treatment system. It's big, durable and fairly easy to maintain. They also have great equipment for emergency relief and disaster response.

Areas for Improvement

N
It's a big piece of equipment with parts that need maintenance and replacement. This equipment is not suitable for long-term development.
Waterlines (2 recommendations) We have funded projects in over 20 schools that have been implemented by Waterlines, providing rainwater catchment, VIP latrines and hand washing stations to schools. They are also providing bio-sand filters to classrooms in the schools.
Waterlines

http://waterlines.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
We have funded projects in over 20 schools that have been implemented by Waterlines, providing rainwater catchment, VIP latrines and hand washing stations to schools. They are also providing bio-sand filters to classrooms in the schools.
N
While not reaching large number of people, Waterlines is having impact because they their model ensures that the people they do reach are reached sustainably. They revisit each of their project sites over time and make sure that the work they have completed is still functioning. Given this is a huge problem in the water space (only 5% of projects are visited after project completion), WaterLines sets an example that the sector should follow.

Organizational Strengths

N
Waterlines has consistent on the ground implementers that are monitored by the Health outreach facility associated with Tenwek Hospital in Bomet, Kenya. Community investment and ownership is an integral part of the process, leading to people that have high interest in maintaining sustainability of the projects.
N
They have a strong volunteer base, which enables the revisiting of programs to ensure that they are working. This non profit has great leadership as well.

Areas for Improvement

N
On a few occasions, it appeared that tanks were constructed first, with classrooms with roof top guttering coming second- seems to be the cart before the horse. This has been discussed, and is now a consideration when accepting school applications.
N
Their website could be clearer about the approach that they take. They could be more active in promoting the approach of revisiting sites for learning and tracking purposes to encourage this to become standard sector practice.
Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF) (2 recommendations) This is a multi-interest environmental protection NGO with a strong interest in sanitation. It works in a number of countries in Europe, and some countries in Latin America.
Women in Europe for a Common Future (WECF)

http://www.wecf.eu/

Evidence of Impact

O
This is a multi-interest environmental protection NGO with a strong interest in sanitation. It works in a number of countries in Europe, and some countries in Latin America.
N
Several thousands people have access to drinking water and ecological sanitation.

Organizational Strengths

O
Leadership / Finance
N
Leadership, involvement in many strategic campaigns (Water and Health protocol, CEHAPE, EfE, etc.)

Areas for Improvement

O
Staff / Operations can be improved.
N
Fundraising and organization.
A Drink for Tomorrow (ADFT) (1 recommendation) They are committed to addressing water, sanitation and health issues of a given community before moving onto the next project.
A Drink for Tomorrow (ADFT)

http://www.adrinkfortomorrow.org

Evidence of Impact

N
They are committed to addressing water, sanitation and health issues of a given community before moving onto the next project.

Organizational Strengths

N
High energy by leadership, passion for work.
ACTED (Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development) (1 recommendation) Working with some of the most vulnerable, with a high commitment to development beyond the emergency. For example they were in Haiti prior to the earthquake and are committed to staying. They support/seek out to work with local NGOs (ie native to the country), and work with them to improve their capacity to deliver services locally. They also work with government, as the long-standing body with the mandate to provide water and sanitation services in their country.
ACTED (Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development)

http://www.acted.org/en

Evidence of Impact

N
Working with some of the most vulnerable, with a high commitment to development beyond the emergency. For example they were in Haiti prior to the earthquake and are committed to staying. They support/seek out to work with local NGOs (ie native to the country), and work with them to improve their capacity to deliver services locally. They also work with government, as the long-standing body with the mandate to provide water and sanitation services in their country.

Organizational Strengths

N
The staff I've met are extraordinary, understand development very well and are also keen to learn.

Areas for Improvement

N
They can seek ways to further build local capacity and over time eliminate the "rotating door" of expats serving in the country.
AMREF (African Medical & Research Foundation) (1 recommendation) They have done tremendous work using an integral approach in Northern Uganda, an area that is emerging from war.
AMREF (African Medical & Research Foundation)
Silver-small

http://www.amref.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
They have done tremendous work using an integral approach in Northern Uganda, an area that is emerging from war.

Organizational Strengths

N
The other strengths are the professional staffing levels and professionalism in their operations.

Areas for Improvement

N
Sharing of their findings.
Action Against Hunger (ACF) (1 recommendation) There is clear evidence of them increasing WASH access in very difficult regions of the world. They are good at hygiene promotion not just water and sanitation infrastructure.
Action Against Hunger (ACF)
Silver-small

http://www.actionagainsthunger.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
There is clear evidence of them increasing WASH access in very difficult regions of the world. They are good at hygiene promotion not just water and sanitation infrastructure.

Organizational Strengths

N
Good at basic implementation work , particularly in emergencies.

Areas for Improvement

N
From my experience, their strength is in implementation, rather than research and policy. However, important for them to link up with others that have these strengths and ensure that the AAH experience enriches and is enriched by experiences elsewhere. I am also not convinced that the issue of replicability and long-term sustainability are given sufficient attention, e.g. issue of ensuring significant contribution by communities in sanitation promotion rather than just giving sanplats, and ensuring payment system for operation and maintenance of water system that makes economic sense.
Acumen Fund (1 recommendation) Increased number of people with access to safe drinking water.
Acumen Fund
Silver-small

http://www.acumenfund.org/ten/

Evidence of Impact

F
Increased number of people with access to safe drinking water.

Organizational Strengths

F
#NAME?

Areas for Improvement

F
Scale - they need a better way to get more money to more places. -Focus - I'm still not certain if Acumen would be better served going deep in a few areas, or going less deep in a smaller number of areas.
Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN) (1 recommendation) (1) 20-year commitment upon entering a community, (2) development of locally-viable technologies and markets to meet basic household needs, (3) strong private sector specialization and staff background, (4) overall professionalism of field staff, (5) involvement of self-financed university faculty for analytic rigor, (6) complete realization that WASH is a component of long-term preventive health programs.
Aga Khan Development Network (AKDN)

http://www.akdn.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
(1) 20-year commitment upon entering a community, (2) development of locally-viable technologies and markets to meet basic household needs, (3) strong private sector specialization and staff background, (4) overall professionalism of field staff, (5) involvement of self-financed university faculty for analytic rigor, (6) complete realization that WASH is a component of long-term preventive health programs.

Organizational Strengths

O
High quality and experience of program leaders who frequently come to the organization AFTER a successful for-profit business career. Depth and breadth of commitment to a single geography or community for a long enough period of time to fully realize participatory and locally-led success.

Areas for Improvement

O
More uniform application of highest level experience with impact monitoring and evaluation. Establishing their university as a broadly accessible resource of community development expertise - without obligation to "publish or perish" approaches to academia.
Akvo.org (1 recommendation) They are a very creative group and on the leading edge of technology, developing several IT solutions for the sector. The organization is spread across several countries and is richer for that. They have managed to integrate their applications into the Dutch Governments programmes.
Akvo.org

http://www.akvo.org/

Organizational Strengths

F
They are a very creative group and on the leading edge of technology, developing several IT solutions for the sector. The organization is spread across several countries and is richer for that. They have managed to integrate their applications into the Dutch Governments programmes.

Areas for Improvement

F
They need more hands-on experience regarding field issues in developing countries. They should spread the use of their technology in the field.
Amnesty International USA (1 recommendation) Amnesty International was instrumental in the passage of the July, 2010 UN General Assembly Resolution affirming the human right to water and sanitation. (More their London office than US - Ashfaq Khalfan is the staffer in charge of this effort.)
Amnesty International USA
Silver-small

http://www.amnestyusa.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Amnesty International was instrumental in the passage of the July, 2010 UN General Assembly Resolution affirming the human right to water and sanitation. (More their London office than US - Ashfaq Khalfan is the staffer in charge of this effort.)

Organizational Strengths

N
Clear, strong, mission and long track record of principled work for human rights.

Areas for Improvement

N
In addition to working in official government venues such as the UN, it would be terrific to see Amnesty also challenging global water corporations more directly for their human rights abuses.
Arghyam (1 recommendation) Leadership
Arghyam

http://www.arghyam.org/

Organizational Strengths

N
Leadership
Ashoka (1 recommendation) They offer continuing support to social entrepreneurs working on water and sanitation across the globe.
Ashoka
Silver-small

http://www.ashoka.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
They offer continuing support to social entrepreneurs working on water and sanitation across the globe.

Organizational Strengths

N
Strong networks of fellows is their strength.

Areas for Improvement

N
They can update their research.
BASIX (1 recommendation) Unparalleled innovation in terms of type of financing structures piloted and envisioned for water and sanitation solutions for the base of the economic pyramid. Given BASIX's large size (1.5 million borrowers), its potential for scale is even greater.
BASIX

http://www.basixindia.com/

Evidence of Impact

N
Unparalleled innovation in terms of type of financing structures piloted and envisioned for water and sanitation solutions for the base of the economic pyramid. Given BASIX's large size (1.5 million borrowers), its potential for scale is even greater.

Organizational Strengths

N
Outstanding top management team and commitment to cross-sector engagement (i.e. microfinance + water/sanitation solutions). Long-standing track record and one of the most respected MFIs in India over time. Unwavering social mission and commitment to social returns (i.e. a necessary prerequisite for financial returns).

Areas for Improvement

N
BASIX has been hit particularly hard by the recent crisis in the Indian microfinance sector, and although it has weathered this successfully (and raised more capital) this challenging time is not over yet. It would be good to grow BASIX's water/sanitation team as there are often human capital limitations which leads to delay and lost opportunities.
BRAC (1 recommendation) BRAC is the world's largest NGO and does more innovative, impactful work than perhaps any other organization/NGO in existence. See http://brac.net/content/what-we-do for more information.
BRAC
Silver-small

http://www.brac.net/

Evidence of Impact

N
BRAC is the world's largest NGO and does more innovative, impactful work than perhaps any other organization/NGO in existence. See http://brac.net/content/what-we-do for more information.

Organizational Strengths

N
They have a large size and amazing capacity for meaningful geographic expansion. They have an incredible, top-quality human capital and management team. They have an ability to constantly think "outside the box" and in holistic ways to alleviate poverty.

Areas for Improvement

N
It would be great if the BRAC model could be modified to enable the organization to partner with other, smaller organizations/NGOs in the areas where it works. As it stands, BRAC is so large that it "dwarfs" many other orgs that it could probably accomplish a lot with, if collaboration opportunities were available.
Blood:Water Mission (1 recommendation) They have a very talented staff especially their project managers. Their board has a lot of depth. They connect well with Youth who are the future of making real changes in WASH programs for the future. They understand the full need of their partners to accomplish sustainable interventions in needy communities.
Blood:Water Mission
Silver-small

http://www.bloodwatermission.com/

Organizational Strengths

N
They have a very talented staff especially their project managers. Their board has a lot of depth. They connect well with Youth who are the future of making real changes in WASH programs for the future. They understand the full need of their partners to accomplish sustainable interventions in needy communities.

Areas for Improvement

N
They could grow bigger so that they could help more. Their HIV projects need to grow which is their desire, but they lack funding in this area.
CAWST (Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology) (1 recommendation) Scaling of technology for point of use water treatment.
CAWST (Centre for Affordable Water and Sanitation Technology)

http://www.cawst.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Scaling of technology for point of use water treatment.

Organizational Strengths

N
Finesse in capacity building.

Areas for Improvement

N
Training of trainers / Updated research in work.
CREPA (Regional Centre for Potable Water and Sanitation) (1 recommendation) They are engaged in life-cycle cost work with WASHCost to look at actual costs to deliver water and sanitation services over time. They have supported development of technologies that are widely used across west Africa. They have reached millions of people with access to water and sanitation and they are looking at strategies to make sure that this is now sustainable and scalable. http://www.reseaucrepa.org/
CREPA (Regional Centre for Potable Water and Sanitation)

Evidence of Impact

N
They are engaged in life-cycle cost work with WASHCost to look at actual costs to deliver water and sanitation services over time. They have supported development of technologies that are widely used across west Africa. They have reached millions of people with access to water and sanitation and they are looking at strategies to make sure that this is now sustainable and scalable. http://www.reseaucrepa.org/

Organizational Strengths

N
Engaging in country-wide monitoring and evaluation activities, which should help with learning what's working and what's not and further improve impact.

Areas for Improvement

N
They could improve their website so that it speaks more to their outcomes and overall impact vs. the program by program outline that is currently there. They could focus on scale and different regional and municipal approaches to ensure that their work might be replicated without their financial support.
CRISTA Ministries (1 recommendation) World Concern partners with high impact partners who provide deliverables without having to build expensive infrastructure.
CRISTA Ministries
Silver-small

http://www.crista.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
World Concern partners with high impact partners who provide deliverables without having to build expensive infrastructure.

Organizational Strengths

N
Dedicated staff who are committed to sustainable change in poor communities. Although not a 'rich' organization they see themselves as highly committed and tend to attract staff who are highly experienced in the field

Areas for Improvement

N
More focus on identifiable 'product' and not trying to be all things to everybody.
ClearWater Initiative (1 recommendation) Leadership
ClearWater Initiative
Silver-small

http://www.clearwaterinitiative.org/

Organizational Strengths

O
Leadership
EcoSan Club (1 recommendation) Reuse in sanitation at community level.
EcoSan Club

http://www.ecosan.at/

Evidence of Impact

F
Reuse in sanitation at community level.

Organizational Strengths

F
Practical application of scientifically sound concepts.

Areas for Improvement

F
They can improve on their operations.
Engineers Without Borders Canada (1 recommendation) EWB-Canada's work for example in Malawi, shows an in-depth understanding of country-level processes and a commitment to field level research that has led to the re-assessment of national sector policy. They have managed to facilitate a much-needed debate in the country regarding long-term sustainability of rural water services.
Engineers Without Borders Canada

http://www.ewb.ca/en/index.html

Evidence of Impact

O
EWB-Canada's work for example in Malawi, shows an in-depth understanding of country-level processes and a commitment to field level research that has led to the re-assessment of national sector policy. They have managed to facilitate a much-needed debate in the country regarding long-term sustainability of rural water services.

Organizational Strengths

O
Long-term presence at district and sub-district level allows EWB-C to be in tune with the reality of the sector at this level and to give voice to the local level stakeholders. EWB-C has an excellent grasp of the political economy of the WASH sector and the various incentives and drivers of change.

Areas for Improvement

O
EWB-C needs to up its game in terms of its ability to document and disseminate its work; without this the impact for learning both at country level and internationally is greatly diminished. EWB-C should also be clearer in terms of its strategic planning.
Engineers Without Borders USA (1 recommendation) EWB has some of the same strengths as WFP, but with a more generalized technical support system ie all phases of engineering vs specialized on WASH. They started as a University Student supported group but have grown to include a Professional Group as well made up of experience professionals in contrast to students. They are linked to EWB-International and as such they are a key group to help any country with their infrastructure needs.
Engineers Without Borders USA
Silver-small

http://www.ewb-usa.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
EWB has some of the same strengths as WFP, but with a more generalized technical support system ie all phases of engineering vs specialized on WASH. They started as a University Student supported group but have grown to include a Professional Group as well made up of experience professionals in contrast to students. They are linked to EWB-International and as such they are a key group to help any country with their infrastructure needs.

Organizational Strengths

O
Their energy of youth and their wisdom of experienced professionals with their skill sets is a key offering to many underdeveloped areas of the world. They have significant resources to make this offering. They have student and professional chapters throughout the USA which means they also have access to members studying from the developing countries giving them language and cultural resources that few charities have.

Areas for Improvement

O
Their professional chapters are strong, but the weakness of student chapters with time and financial constraints to extend project work is a handicap. They need more control over the project delivery phase for larger projects.
Engineers in Action (EIA) (1 recommendation) EiA works with the most underserved counties in Bolivia and, in addition to its WASH work, also works on other community development infrastructure needs.
Engineers in Action (EIA)

http://engineersinaction.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
EiA works with the most underserved counties in Bolivia and, in addition to its WASH work, also works on other community development infrastructure needs.

Organizational Strengths

N
They are strong in that they employ local Bolivian engineers to work with non-local NGO's. They provide invaluable cultural assistance to those seeking to work in those communities. They also support the communities after the non-local NGO's are gone.

Areas for Improvement

N
EiA could improve in the selection of communities for its program to ensure that the community is ready for a project.
Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide (ELAW) (1 recommendation) ELAW's network is significantly impacting the legal structures, and is encouraging enforcement of laws, for countries where clean water and access to sanitation are only the beginning of their challenges.
Environmental Law Alliance Worldwide (ELAW)

http://www.elaw.org/

Evidence of Impact

F
ELAW's network is significantly impacting the legal structures, and is encouraging enforcement of laws, for countries where clean water and access to sanitation are only the beginning of their challenges.

Organizational Strengths

F
Strong leadership, wide reaching network of individuals with a broad range of expertise.

Areas for Improvement

F
Continued growth of the network and support for members.
Food & Water Watch (1 recommendation) We must work from the top down and the bottom up at the same time. Food and Water Watch's watch-dogging of the current status of water as a human right and the protection of water sources is crucial in the realization of water recognized and enforced as a human right. They have influenced policies, supported successful campaigns to stop corporate takeover of water internationally, and have raised awareness in communities where water quality is at risk.
Food & Water Watch
Silver-small

http://www.foodandwaterwatch.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
We must work from the top down and the bottom up at the same time. Food and Water Watch's watch-dogging of the current status of water as a human right and the protection of water sources is crucial in the realization of water recognized and enforced as a human right. They have influenced policies, supported successful campaigns to stop corporate takeover of water internationally, and have raised awareness in communities where water quality is at risk.

Organizational Strengths

N
I'm impressed by their campaign drives to influence policy - still employing door to door canvassing and awareness raising. Also, raising awareness around larger picture of water issues beyond WASH and how it connects to food, energy, livelihood and other social challenges.

Areas for Improvement

N
As an activist, I'm often finding myself hungering for campaign drives that don't focus on who's wrong and who's right, but what options can make our lives better - choose options that provide opportunities over the blame game. This kind of tone engages me and I feel more compelled to take action.
Freshwater Action Network (FAN) (1 recommendation) Over the past 12 years FAN played a very significant role and established five regional networks (ANEW, FANCA, FAN-MEX, FANAS, FANSA) of grassroots organizations which are able to effectively influence the policy and practice concerning WASH sector. FAN has build the capacities of a large number of grassroots activists who have been very effectively advocating for water and sanitation Rights of the people. FAN made a good contribution in pushing water and sanitation to be recognized as human rights by the UN system. Similarly SACOSAN and AFRICASAN declarations were very much influenced by FAN regional members who represented experiences of people, particularly the poor and marginalized sections. FAN is the only global network that has been facilitating opportunities of participation for grassroots CSOs at the key policy meeting forums.
Freshwater Action Network (FAN)

http://www.freshwateraction.net/

Evidence of Impact

N
Over the past 12 years FAN played a very significant role and established five regional networks (ANEW, FANCA, FAN-MEX, FANAS, FANSA) of grassroots organizations which are able to effectively influence the policy and practice concerning WASH sector. FAN has build the capacities of a large number of grassroots activists who have been very effectively advocating for water and sanitation Rights of the people. FAN made a good contribution in pushing water and sanitation to be recognized as human rights by the UN system. Similarly SACOSAN and AFRICASAN declarations were very much influenced by FAN regional members who represented experiences of people, particularly the poor and marginalized sections. FAN is the only global network that has been facilitating opportunities of participation for grassroots CSOs at the key policy meeting forums.

Organizational Strengths

N
FAN is governed by a council which has members from the developing countries (South Asia, Africa, Latin America) where the real challenges of water, sanitation and hygiene exist. FAN has very good reputation as a platform promoting civil society voices that really matter in WASH sector. FAN has very knowledgeable and committed staff. FAN has good systems of transparency, accountability and democratic decision making.

Areas for Improvement

N
For the past 12 years FAN has been hosted in the offices of WaterAid, UK. FAN is now in the process of getting established as an independent legal organization under the UK Charity law. As a consequence of this transition FAN will have to invest more resources in developing financial and governance system in line with its new organizational form.
Friends of the Earth (1 recommendation) This group works to challenge corporate control of water (privatization) in multiple regions with a combination of activism/advocacy and best-in-class research.
Friends of the Earth

http://www.foe.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
This group works to challenge corporate control of water (privatization) in multiple regions with a combination of activism/advocacy and best-in-class research.

Organizational Strengths

N
Truly international, with strong regional offices.

Areas for Improvement

N
I'd like to see this group addressing the key international institutions (UN, World Bank) with impact and/or authority on water governance. But their work on local water conflicts is exceptional.
GOAL USA Fund (1 recommendation) GOAL is working with some of the most marginalized people and are committed for the long-haul; with a high focus on capacity building so the knowledge resides locally. I understand they were initially focused on emergency, then realized their work needed to last well into the rebuilding stage. They adapt their programs to the local contexts and as situations changes. They were one of the first international NGOs to begin using point-of-use technologies for treating water in the home (which has since become a strategy by the WHO and UNICEF).
GOAL USA Fund
Bronze-small

Evidence of Impact

N
GOAL is working with some of the most marginalized people and are committed for the long-haul; with a high focus on capacity building so the knowledge resides locally. I understand they were initially focused on emergency, then realized their work needed to last well into the rebuilding stage. They adapt their programs to the local contexts and as situations changes. They were one of the first international NGOs to begin using point-of-use technologies for treating water in the home (which has since become a strategy by the WHO and UNICEF).

Organizational Strengths

N
Strong staff in the field--in expertise and commitment / In-country flexibility to adapt priorities (and allocation of funds) to local context (vs directed by headquarters).

Areas for Improvement

N
Cross-country dialogue/exchanges to know what is happening by GOAL in other regions, create a network of support and learn from each other. Increase central headquarter support for staff in the field.
GRET (Professionnels du développement solidaire) (1 recommendation) This French NGO is constantly learning and applying its learning to its programmes.
GRET (Professionnels du développement solidaire)

http://www.gret.org/?lang=en

Evidence of Impact

N
This French NGO is constantly learning and applying its learning to its programmes.

Organizational Strengths

N
GRET works in challenging environments and applies a range of different skills and approaches (from political science to economics to more science-based) to design and support community water and sanitation programs around the world. From my experience, its staff are both thoughtful and thinking and its analysis in the sector is solid and helps moves the issues forward.

Areas for Improvement

N
Unsure - Further exposure to wider debates?
Gramalaya Urban and Rural Development Initiatives and Network (GUARDIAN) (1 recommendation) Quality of innovative approaches to financing of water/sanitation solutions for the base of the economic pyramid; number of microloans successfully provided and repaid for water and sanitation solutions; ability to successfully engage with urban slum dwellers, government agencies and utilities for successful programs.
Gramalaya Urban and Rural Development Initiatives and Network (GUARDIAN)

Evidence of Impact

N
Quality of innovative approaches to financing of water/sanitation solutions for the base of the economic pyramid; number of microloans successfully provided and repaid for water and sanitation solutions; ability to successfully engage with urban slum dwellers, government agencies and utilities for successful programs.

Organizational Strengths

N
Guardian is the *only* known MFI in the world that is dedicated exclusively to water and sanitation finance.

Areas for Improvement

N
Guardian needs to grow its team -- demand for its services significantly outstrips its human capital abilities. It could/should expand geographically. It should obtain its FCRA license (in India) to enable more foreign funding options.
Groundswell International (1 recommendation) Small organization that work in 5 countries. Very much in line with participatory rural appraisal, working from bottoms up, with indigenous people.
Groundswell International
Silver-small

http://www.groundswellinternational.org/

Evidence of Impact

F
Small organization that work in 5 countries. Very much in line with participatory rural appraisal, working from bottoms up, with indigenous people.
HORIZONT3000 (Austrian Organisation for Development Co-operation) (1 recommendation) Well implemented rainwater harvesting and ecological sanitation for schools, / sanitation, water supply and waste incineration for hospitals.
HORIZONT3000 (Austrian Organisation for Development Co-operation)

Evidence of Impact

F
Well implemented rainwater harvesting and ecological sanitation for schools, / sanitation, water supply and waste incineration for hospitals.

Organizational Strengths

F
Reach targets, execute to design, complement shortfalls with own resources.

Areas for Improvement

F
Marketing
Homeless International (1 recommendation) They introduced and promoted 100 % recoverable loans for household latrines, public tapstands and water connections in urban slums.
Homeless International

http://www.homeless-international.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
They introduced and promoted 100 % recoverable loans for household latrines, public tapstands and water connections in urban slums.

Organizational Strengths

O
Capacity and willingness to work in the extremely challenging context of urban slums; often the only NGO doing such work in some countries / strengthening of mass member, national Federations of Urban Poor to deliver and maintain basic watsan services.

Areas for Improvement

O
Expansion of loan funds.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute (1 recommendation) Their impact is their training ability.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

http://www.ivl.se/

Evidence of Impact

N
Their impact is their training ability.

Organizational Strengths

N
Ability to fund people from poor countries

Areas for Improvement

N
They need to update their research.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS) (1 recommendation) IDS has shown an unparalleled ability to drive more progressive discourses in the development sector about what's required for sanitation behaviour change. Their work with the www.communityledtotalsanitation.org website has allowed lessons learned on sanitation programming to be shared and applied widely, and with the likes of Robert Chambers in their midst IDS is well enough respected to be able to have this impact better than any other organization internationally.
Institute of Development Studies (IDS)

http://www.ids.ac.uk/

Evidence of Impact

N
IDS has shown an unparalleled ability to drive more progressive discourses in the development sector about what's required for sanitation behaviour change. Their work with the www.communityledtotalsanitation.org website has allowed lessons learned on sanitation programming to be shared and applied widely, and with the likes of Robert Chambers in their midst IDS is well enough respected to be able to have this impact better than any other organization internationally.

Organizational Strengths

N
Leadership and core, experienced staff. Robert Chambers and Petra Bongartz are fearless conversation starters with high-level organizations (e.g. the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, WSP) and push the envelope on the sector's thinking about sanitation.
Integrated Community Development International (ICDI) (1 recommendation) They are working in a very difficult area in Central Africa and Chad and they are alone in this area that has lots of challenges. Their staff is made for the challenges and are able to get through the difficulties.
Integrated Community Development International (ICDI)
Silver-small

http://www.icdinternational.org/

Organizational Strengths

N
They are working in a very difficult area in Central Africa and Chad and they are alone in this area that has lots of challenges. Their staff is made for the challenges and are able to get through the difficulties.

Areas for Improvement

N
They need more staff to do detailed accounting and detailed monitoring and evaluation.
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B) (1 recommendation) They invented Oral Rehydration Salts therapy decades ago, and continue to be active in interventions to prevent diarrheal diseases.
International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B)

http://www.icddrb.org/

Evidence of Impact

R
They invented Oral Rehydration Salts therapy decades ago, and continue to be active in interventions to prevent diarrheal diseases.

Organizational Strengths

R
Outstanding high quality staff, rigorous science.
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) (1 recommendation) Their impact is their engagement and project implementation in situation of humanitarian crisis as well as their sound approach to technology implementation in water and sanitation.
International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)

http://www.icrc.org/

Evidence of Impact

R
Their impact is their engagement and project implementation in situation of humanitarian crisis as well as their sound approach to technology implementation in water and sanitation.

Organizational Strengths

R
experienced staff and well established local office with strong local staff. Excellent knowledge management between centers and offices of ICRC

Areas for Improvement

R
They should focus not only on humanitarian efforts but also bridge the gap between humanitarian aid and development cooperation.
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) (1 recommendation) They are combining regional and international expertise in WASH with on the ground solutions, such as the small, portable desalination plants at hand to use in Tuvalu.
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)

http://www.ifrc.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
They are combining regional and international expertise in WASH with on the ground solutions, such as the small, portable desalination plants at hand to use in Tuvalu.

Organizational Strengths

O
Commitment of members at all levels sustains the organisation. Their ability to mobilise and respond to emergencies is as good, if not better, than all other organisations regionally. They engage well with all stakeholders in many countries across the region.

Areas for Improvement

O
Technical solutions are generally good; however they might benefit from an exchange of internationally sourced solutions together with regionally derived solutions. Their linkages with regional organisations could improve to increase overall WASH program efficiencies.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) (1 recommendation) Big partners overseeing west Africa cluster, very happy they are doing their work in west Africa (4) good policy partner and advocacy side of things (5) Water for people (6) Much to do about the program that the buffet foundation has created as well as the founders.
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED)

http://www.iied.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
Big partners overseeing west Africa cluster, very happy they are doing their work in west Africa (4) good policy partner and advocacy side of things (5) Water for people (6) Much to do about the program that the buffet foundation has created as well as the founders.
International Rescue Committee (IRC) (1 recommendation) IRC is quick to respond to crisis and are focused on getting results. After the earthquake in Haiti in January , 2010 - IRC moved professional staff into the country to assess the situation and then developed a plan and then got to work.
International Rescue Committee (IRC)
Silver-small

http://www.rescue.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
IRC is quick to respond to crisis and are focused on getting results. After the earthquake in Haiti in January , 2010 - IRC moved professional staff into the country to assess the situation and then developed a plan and then got to work.

Organizational Strengths

N
Focus vision, knows refugee community which they serve, dedicated staff.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) (1 recommendation) Improvements in governance by Pacific islanders brought about by the work of IUCN is significant. In many cases, they are leading communities and higher level government through their first real integrated governance steps, and providing an understanding not just of the importance of the resource, but of engaging stakeholders in governance.
International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN)
Silver-small

http://www.iucn.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
Improvements in governance by Pacific islanders brought about by the work of IUCN is significant. In many cases, they are leading communities and higher level government through their first real integrated governance steps, and providing an understanding not just of the importance of the resource, but of engaging stakeholders in governance.

Organizational Strengths

O
The combination of international support, aligned with good local staff means that IUCN often optimises their resources. Their international name often get them into meetings other organisations can generally only dream about.

Areas for Improvement

O
Greater in-country demonstrations would improve the outcomes of IUCN work, alongside with more strategic government engagement. Often the work at a local scale is very good, but they sometimes struggle to integrate this into national mainstreaming, which an international organisation should be seeking to achieve in the Pacific.
Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA) (1 recommendation) Kenya Rainwater Association works in the rural areas of Kenya, and is doing incredible work at schools. They not only build rainwater catchment, bore holes when possible, VIP latrines, hand washing stations, and also encourage the addition of school gardens and more.
Kenya Rainwater Association (KRA)

http://www.gharainwater.org/kra_about.html

Evidence of Impact

N
Kenya Rainwater Association works in the rural areas of Kenya, and is doing incredible work at schools. They not only build rainwater catchment, bore holes when possible, VIP latrines, hand washing stations, and also encourage the addition of school gardens and more.

Organizational Strengths

N
For our needs, they are very responsive in sending us the marketing materials that we need to engage the youth in US schools to support projects. They also do extensive training with the local community, and conduct routine visits to the facilities for several years to address and remedy and problems that may arise.

Areas for Improvement

N
Rainwater catchment in some areas-especially given the many years of drought in Kenya, are not always successful. Perhaps other water provision methods need to be considered, even if the cost is driven higher.
Médecins Sans Frontières (1 recommendation) Medically-based focus limits scale and scope of water, hygiene and sanitation interventions but delivers high quality, targeted and measurable programmes with robust evidence-base to demonstrate impact.
Médecins Sans Frontières
Silver-small

http://www.msf.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
Medically-based focus limits scale and scope of water, hygiene and sanitation interventions but delivers high quality, targeted and measurable programmes with robust evidence-base to demonstrate impact.

Organizational Strengths

O
Epidemiological capacity and medical focus. Huge logistics capacity and access to private funding to ensue rapid emergency responses and fund field research projects.

Areas for Improvement

O
Not known for its water, hygiene & sanitation work and could better disseminate some of the findings of operational research to a wider audience.
New Life International (1 recommendation) There is transparency and commitment.
New Life International
Bronze-small

http://www.waterfortheworld.com/

Evidence of Impact

N
There is transparency and commitment.

Organizational Strengths

N
Good and cooperative.

Areas for Improvement

N
Spread to all country regions.
Nigerian Water Supply Association (NWSA) (1 recommendation) Society for Water and Sanitation, Nigeria NEWSAN is a Network of NGOs and CBOs in Nigeria working in Water and Sanitation NEWSAN has members in 36 states in Nigeria including in Abuja and its members and state chapters work in the 3 identified areas of water and sanitation.
Nigerian Water Supply Association (NWSA)

Evidence of Impact

N
Society for Water and Sanitation, Nigeria NEWSAN is a Network of NGOs and CBOs in Nigeria working in Water and Sanitation NEWSAN has members in 36 states in Nigeria including in Abuja and its members and state chapters work in the 3 identified areas of water and sanitation.

Organizational Strengths

N
NEWSAN provides guidance and capacity building opportunities for its local NGOs and CBOs. / / NEWSAN is also a community based demand driven Network which promotes best practices in water and sanitation.

Areas for Improvement

N
Capacity strengthening for its State chapter NGOs and CBOs / Funding opportunities to support state chapter NGOs and CBOs scale up their projects and interventions
Pacific Institute (1 recommendation) The Pacific Institute develops much of the baseline knowledge and research used to determine the greatest challenges, metrics for measuring response, coalition-building across corporate, policy and NGO sectors, as well as policy analysis.
Pacific Institute

http://www.pacinst.org/

Evidence of Impact

O
The Pacific Institute develops much of the baseline knowledge and research used to determine the greatest challenges, metrics for measuring response, coalition-building across corporate, policy and NGO sectors, as well as policy analysis.

Organizational Strengths

O
Leadership and reputation: Dr. Peter Gleick, the Institute's founder, is widely recognized as the leading scientific voice at the core of the global water crisis. Depth and systemic expertise: the water crisis is not limited to health alone. The challenge reaches across all sectors, with special intersections with energy, food and climate. The Institute's programs are systemic and cross-disciplinary.

Areas for Improvement

O
Communications and coordination. While the Institute's staff is highly effective in producing quality reports, those reports, like so many others, are often lost in the clutter and reach primarily the core water audience. It's doing innovative outreach and the greatest challenge -- developing political will for coordinated response -- may be the largest challenge for all those working in the space.
Practical Action (1 recommendation) Wide remit, experience, ethos
Practical Action

http://practicalaction.org/

Organizational Strengths

R
Wide remit, experience, ethos

Areas for Improvement

R
Some specific skill areas need support.
Project WET (1 recommendation) Project WET develops strong educational materials for students, teachers and communities around the world. These materials have proven success in expanding understanding of water issues and are translated into many languages.
Project WET
Silver-small

http://www.projectwet.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
Project WET develops strong educational materials for students, teachers and communities around the world. These materials have proven success in expanding understanding of water issues and are translated into many languages.

Organizational Strengths

N
They provide their materials for free, which helps to increase their impact exponentially. Their leadership has a good grounding in the material which they are distributing and is committed to growing their organization with strong partners and a holistic view.
SKAT Foundation (Swiss Resource Centre and Consultancies for Development) (1 recommendation) SKAT is an organisation promoting the sharing of knowledge and experience between partners in the developed and developing world, it supports the Rural Water Supply Network. RWSN acts as a depository of knowledge and provides support to sector partners; it pools the experience and expertise of its members and places the results of their work in the public domain through the production of publications and international specifications.
SKAT Foundation (Swiss Resource Centre and Consultancies for Development)

http://www.skat-foundation.org/

Evidence of Impact

R
SKAT is an organisation promoting the sharing of knowledge and experience between partners in the developed and developing world, it supports the Rural Water Supply Network. RWSN acts as a depository of knowledge and provides support to sector partners; it pools the experience and expertise of its members and places the results of their work in the public domain through the production of publications and international specifications.

Organizational Strengths

R
By providing greater access to information RWSN enables economies of scale and provides technical services to practitioners serving dispersed rural settlements allowing them to develop holistic approaches to link domestic water service provision with sustainable livelihoods.

Areas for Improvement

R
They can continue engaging networks of entrepreneurs to ensure participation of private sector.
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation (1 recommendation) They have a worldwide presence and a down-to-earth approach. They are in the field with villagers, not in the town.
SNV Netherlands Development Organisation

http://www.snvworld.org/en/pages/default.aspx

Evidence of Impact

N
They have a worldwide presence and a down-to-earth approach. They are in the field with villagers, not in the town.

Organizational Strengths

N
They have a volunteer database with skilled experts. Their staff stay for a long time.

Areas for Improvement

N
They pay their staff too much.
San Gabriel Valley Habitat for Humanity (1 recommendation) IPA has honed a targeted strategic approach to innovation and poverty alleviation. Their support of a chlorine dispenser has stimulated new thinking about water safety at the community level. The dispensers in rural Kenya, where the population knows about and accepts chlorine, achieved the highest uptake levels of any chlorine program to date.
San Gabriel Valley Habitat for Humanity
Silver-small

http://www.sgvhabitat.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
IPA has honed a targeted strategic approach to innovation and poverty alleviation. Their support of a chlorine dispenser has stimulated new thinking about water safety at the community level. The dispensers in rural Kenya, where the population knows about and accepts chlorine, achieved the highest uptake levels of any chlorine program to date.

Organizational Strengths

N
IPA brings a multi-disciplinary and multi-sector perspective to their currently very limited WASH work. They have partnered well with PAL and researchers at Harvard and MIT. They look to schools and education as long term investments in global change.

Areas for Improvement

N
Given their roots in leading business schools, it is surprising that IPA doesn't feature financial sustainability in their work. I hope they find ways to bring the private sector into the work, whether at the local or global level. / IPA is not consistently finding partners at the community or global level to take the work forward. IPA's knowledge base could enable others to succeed which would expand the impact of their work. / IPA has had several apparent conflicts of interest in how they review other's work for USAID DIV, GATES and other donor support. Even if there is no actual conflict of interest, reviewers might consider recusing themselves when they are reviewing their own work.
Solidarity Water Europe (SEE- SWE) (1 recommendation) SEE works in sanitation and water sector, with very strong positions in involving youth leaders and advocacy.
Solidarity Water Europe (SEE- SWE)

http://www.see-swe.org/en

Evidence of Impact

O
SEE works in sanitation and water sector, with very strong positions in involving youth leaders and advocacy.

Organizational Strengths

O
Leadership / Staff / Operations

Areas for Improvement

O
They can improve on their financing and marketing.
South African Sanitation and Hygiene Association (SASHA) (1 recommendation) This organisation does deep toilet cleaning of filthy school toilets in the Free State province. They establish and train Health and Hygiene committees in schools. They teach children the toilet etiquette, provide toilet paper and cleaning chemicals to schools. All these are done through donations in kind from individuals and businesses if they are lucky. Generally they do not receive support from government and other philanthropists.
South African Sanitation and Hygiene Association (SASHA)

Evidence of Impact

O
This organisation does deep toilet cleaning of filthy school toilets in the Free State province. They establish and train Health and Hygiene committees in schools. They teach children the toilet etiquette, provide toilet paper and cleaning chemicals to schools. All these are done through donations in kind from individuals and businesses if they are lucky. Generally they do not receive support from government and other philanthropists.

Organizational Strengths

O
They have strong leadership and willing staff. Considering the fact that manual excavation of blocked toilets is not a job for the faint hearted, these men and women unblock the school toilets this way with commitment.

Areas for Improvement

O
They need to have strong fund raising programs which perhaps might make them lucky to get one. They need to relentlessly pursue government and business for financial support, they need to collaborate with like minded organisations for assistance - though they seem to be the only ones doing this work. Many organisation and people do not even want to dare venture in this field of work.
South African Toilet Organisation (SATO) (1 recommendation) This organisation would be hosting the World Toilet day in South Africa in 2012 together with its partners.
South African Toilet Organisation (SATO)

http://www.satoilet.co.za/

Evidence of Impact

O
This organisation would be hosting the World Toilet day in South Africa in 2012 together with its partners.

Organizational Strengths

O
They have a good leadership potential and staff.

Areas for Improvement

O
They need to improve their South African footprint as they are currently unknown in many areas.
Stichting Connect International (1 recommendation) Endless motivation to work at grassroots level. Has started several rope pump enterprises around the world.
Stichting Connect International

http://www.connectinternational.nl/english/smartmodules/smart-tec/water-treatment/siphonwaterfilter

Evidence of Impact

N
Endless motivation to work at grassroots level. Has started several rope pump enterprises around the world.

Organizational Strengths

N
Committed staff, low overhead, very down to earth (no interest in fancy offices, meals and big cars).
Sustainable Services at Scale (Triple-S) (1 recommendation) Triple S is an advocate and learning facilitator for the water sector - they advocate and provide technical assistance for a shift away from project focused water projects and towards sustainable water services at scale in the water sector. I have seen a number of funders change their approach from the traditional, inefficient and misguided way of funding the water sector and towards a smart, more systemic approach that acknowledges the pitfalls of the aid complex.
Sustainable Services at Scale (Triple-S)

Evidence of Impact

N
Triple S is an advocate and learning facilitator for the water sector - they advocate and provide technical assistance for a shift away from project focused water projects and towards sustainable water services at scale in the water sector. I have seen a number of funders change their approach from the traditional, inefficient and misguided way of funding the water sector and towards a smart, more systemic approach that acknowledges the pitfalls of the aid complex.

Organizational Strengths

N
Their communications is particularly strong - they have shown an ability to catch the eye of a high-power audience (e.g. World Bank, Water For People) and have influence on their thinking.

Areas for Improvement

N
Triple S, at a country level, could stand to improve by having a stronger field program. Their focus on national-level dialog as a means of change is great but they need a stronger understanding of what's actually happening in the field in order for their change to have teeth. In addition, if they managed to embed their staff in the World Bank, AfDB, DFID, or other major donor, they'd be able to provide support directly to these funders to change their behaviours.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation (1 recommendation) Having been a "friend" of the Foundation, their allocation of grants is very targeted and focused within the confines of their strategy. They have helped innovate solutions and concentrate on reaching scale, which is very important.
The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

http://www.gatesfoundation.org/Pages/home.aspx

Evidence of Impact

N
Having been a "friend" of the Foundation, their allocation of grants is very targeted and focused within the confines of their strategy. They have helped innovate solutions and concentrate on reaching scale, which is very important.

Organizational Strengths

N
Leadership, staff, availability of finances that are not just gifted away but provided after careful deliberations; flexibly operation and grant management

Areas for Improvement

N
Challenge grants can be increased in size to achieve better results.
The Carter Center (1 recommendation) I make this recommendation because of the Center's extraordinary work in the eradication of Guinea Worm, its River Blindness program, and other sanitation activities that have had, are having, and will have on the elimination of Guinea Worm and the prevention of many sanitation-related diseases especially in Africa where the need is greatest.
The Carter Center
Bronze-small

http://www.cartercenter.org/index.html

Evidence of Impact

F
I make this recommendation because of the Center's extraordinary work in the eradication of Guinea Worm, its River Blindness program, and other sanitation activities that have had, are having, and will have on the elimination of Guinea Worm and the prevention of many sanitation-related diseases especially in Africa where the need is greatest.

Organizational Strengths

F
Their leadership sets the highest standards for productivity, management, and commitment.
The Council of Canadians (1 recommendation) CoC does excellent work challenging the bottled water industry and water privatization. Their focus is in Canada but has international implications, for instance their pressure campaign to push the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan to divest from the privatized Chilean water supply.
The Council of Canadians

http://www.canadians.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
CoC does excellent work challenging the bottled water industry and water privatization. Their focus is in Canada but has international implications, for instance their pressure campaign to push the Ontario Teachers' Pension Plan to divest from the privatized Chilean water supply.

Organizational Strengths

N
Maude Barlow provides strong leadership, and their campaign staff are strong organizers. Good publications and community.

Areas for Improvement

N
It would be great to see more international alliance-building, to see this group do more to support local site fights and international challenges against corporate control of water.
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (1 recommendation) London School's WASH research has enabled developers, NGOs and providers to act more effectively, gain support from donors and government officials based on the evidence they provide. They offer behavioral determinants for handwashing, water treatment and elimination of open defecation. They conduct meta analysis of the evidence base for health impact and cost benefit of household water treatment. They explore the beneficial biological factors for safe processing of human feces.
The London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine
Bronze-small

http://www.lshtm.ac.uk/

Evidence of Impact

N
London School's WASH research has enabled developers, NGOs and providers to act more effectively, gain support from donors and government officials based on the evidence they provide. They offer behavioral determinants for handwashing, water treatment and elimination of open defecation. They conduct meta analysis of the evidence base for health impact and cost benefit of household water treatment. They explore the beneficial biological factors for safe processing of human feces.

Organizational Strengths

N
Solid research, knowledge and integrity- combined with a flexible approach to asking and answering tough questions helps the whole WASH community make impact.

Areas for Improvement

N
London School does not frequently invite broad involvement of others, such as policy makers and developers but is working with DFID to make improvements in this area under the SHARE initiative.
The Nature Conservancy (1 recommendation) They have an immense resource mobilization capacity and a very strong scientific skills to tackle the problem of water security/availability (not water access but more the protection of freshwater ecosystems). Tremendously strong institutional capacity and extremely strict internal auditing requirements. Excellent financial management.
The Nature Conservancy
Silver-small

http://www.nature.org/

Organizational Strengths

F
They have an immense resource mobilization capacity and a very strong scientific skills to tackle the problem of water security/availability (not water access but more the protection of freshwater ecosystems). Tremendously strong institutional capacity and extremely strict internal auditing requirements. Excellent financial management.

Areas for Improvement

F
They can provide better quality of written deliverables to donors of funding proposals.
WASH United (1 recommendation) They are a unique social club that brings together leading sports stars, civil society, governments, UN agencies and business to promote sanitation and hygiene. By engaging the Foot Ball stars WASH UNITED has reached key messages of water and sanitation to more than 25 mission people in 8 countries of Africa. About 30,000 WASH UNITED club members have committed to practicing good water, sanitation and hygiene behaviours.
WASH United

http://www.wash-united.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
They are a unique social club that brings together leading sports stars, civil society, governments, UN agencies and business to promote sanitation and hygiene. By engaging the Foot Ball stars WASH UNITED has reached key messages of water and sanitation to more than 25 mission people in 8 countries of Africa. About 30,000 WASH UNITED club members have committed to practicing good water, sanitation and hygiene behaviours.

Organizational Strengths

N
WASH UNITED has a very special strength of conducting global campaigns targeting promotion of good sanitation and hygiene behaviours. The organization has very creative and ambitious plans of addressing sanitation and hygiene challenges in Africa and South Asia. The leadership of the organization is very dynamic with a high level of perseverance.

Areas for Improvement

N
To be able to successfully implement the campaign and achieve the campaign targets the WASH UNITED need to connect to the real grassroots organizations and peoples organizations in Africa and South Asia. There is need to bring on board the leaders from the developing countries. Also need to develop clear monitoring and evaluation framework to measure the impact of these massive campaigns.
Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) (1 recommendation) The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council - www.wsscc.org - has made its in-country WASH coalitions in over two dozen countries stronger over the past few years. WSSCC has provided a platform through its convenings/conferences for WASH coordinators in these countries to learn from each other's successes and failures. WSSCC - through its Global Sanitation Fund - has helped address the imbalance of water vs. sanitation. Sanitation is often minimized compared to water funding, and the GSF is helping correct that.
Water Supply & Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC)

http://www.wsscc.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
The Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council - www.wsscc.org - has made its in-country WASH coalitions in over two dozen countries stronger over the past few years. WSSCC has provided a platform through its convenings/conferences for WASH coordinators in these countries to learn from each other's successes and failures. WSSCC - through its Global Sanitation Fund - has helped address the imbalance of water vs. sanitation. Sanitation is often minimized compared to water funding, and the GSF is helping correct that.

Organizational Strengths

N
WSSCC is one of the few organizations who thinks seriously about universal coverage of water and sanitation. This is evidenced by their work in knowledge management, advocacy, and the Global Sanitation Fund. WSSCC is strong in capacity building of southern, country-level organizations. WSSCC is strong in providing opportunities for south-south sharing of technology and knowledge. WSSCC (through the GSF) is strong in figuring out to get increased financial resources deployed to the field for sanitation.

Areas for Improvement

N
In order to contribute even more toward the goal of universal coverage, WSSCC could more concertedly focus on strengthening indigenous advocacy efforts. WSSCC should channel financial and technical resources to its in-country coalitions to make those coalitions more able to influence public policy and budgets for WASH at federal and subnational levels.
Water and Sanitation Program (WSP) (1 recommendation) WSP - www.wsp.org - is helping build the capacity of governments around the world to improve and scale their WASH programs. WSP has produced some of the most compelling literature in the WASH sector in the last few years - their documents linking sanitation directly to GDP growth (or lack thereof). WSP has also formed some of the most interesting multistakeholder partnerships in the WASH sector recently, and has made positive steps toward more effective donor coordination among the bilateral donors and private foundations.
Water and Sanitation Program (WSP)

http://www.wsp.org/wsp/

Evidence of Impact

N
WSP - www.wsp.org - is helping build the capacity of governments around the world to improve and scale their WASH programs. WSP has produced some of the most compelling literature in the WASH sector in the last few years - their documents linking sanitation directly to GDP growth (or lack thereof). WSP has also formed some of the most interesting multistakeholder partnerships in the WASH sector recently, and has made positive steps toward more effective donor coordination among the bilateral donors and private foundations.

Organizational Strengths

N
WSP's biggest strength is its people, including Jae So and many of her colleagues around the world. / / WSP focuses on helping developing country governments do their jobs better. WSP does not do the work directly itself - this is a huge strength. / / WSP contributes significantly to the sector's ongoing communications efforts through events like World Water Day.

Areas for Improvement

N
More and better! More outreach to global private foundations and philanthropists. Continued independence from the World Bank. More money so WSP can add more countries to its portfolio of activities.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP) (1 recommendation) WSUP develops deep relationships with local public, private, and social sector entities and is able to bring together a diverse group of stakeholders to develop innovative programs.
Water and Sanitation for the Urban Poor (WSUP)

http://www.wsup.com/

Evidence of Impact

O
WSUP develops deep relationships with local public, private, and social sector entities and is able to bring together a diverse group of stakeholders to develop innovative programs.

Organizational Strengths

O
Great team with innovative approaches. Strong partnerships. Great sanitation knowledge.

Areas for Improvement

O
WSUP is not very well-known in the field - they would work on their external communications.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Enterprise Development (WaterSHED) (1 recommendation) Good leadership - understands participatory development in Cambodian text (creating trust between entrepreneurs and the community). Market-based - contributes to livelihood while improving WaSH conditions.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Enterprise Development (WaterSHED)

http://www.watershedasia.org/

Organizational Strengths

N
Good leadership - understands participatory development in Cambodian text (creating trust between entrepreneurs and the community). Market-based - contributes to livelihood while improving WaSH conditions.

Areas for Improvement

N
They need a greater dissemination of work via social media - web-based mechanisms could help further spread the word.
Water4 Foundation (1 recommendation) Sustainable approach - training locals to replicate.
Water4 Foundation
Bronze-small

http://water4.org/

Evidence of Impact

R
Sustainable approach - training locals to replicate.

Organizational Strengths

R
Leadership is committed. Staff is efficient.

Areas for Improvement

R
More assessment of their efforts. More strategic growth.
Waterkeeper Alliance (1 recommendation) The creation of Water Keeper Alliances all over the globe is testament to their work as water protectors providing expertise in science and law as well as environmental planning and communications.
Waterkeeper Alliance

http://www.waterkeeper.org/

Evidence of Impact

N
The creation of Water Keeper Alliances all over the globe is testament to their work as water protectors providing expertise in science and law as well as environmental planning and communications.

Organizational Strengths

N
We need a water culture where water reverence and protection are a priority. Water Keeper teams that take on the volunteer task of patrolling waters to defend their water sources is one of the best ways to not only identify where the threats are, but finding ways and garnering international support to address the issues.

Areas for Improvement

N
How do we engage at-risk rural communities where poverty is rampant and education is poor to institutionalize the concept of water keeping?
Winrock International (1 recommendation) Innovative water service delivery models. Reputation from peers (number of well-respected individuals who applaud their work).
Winrock International
Silver-small

http://www.winrock.org/

Evidence of Impact

F
Innovative water service delivery models. Reputation from peers (number of well-respected individuals who applaud their work).

Organizational Strengths

F
Leadership - the head of their water Innovation Program, Mary Renwick, is an absolute force of nature. They have an iterative process and a commitment to learning. Winrock learns from quick failures and incorporates those learnings back into their process.

Areas for Improvement

F
They can improve on their business model. Although technically Winrock is a non-profit, their business model is such that I'm unsure how effective each dollar is that is put towards their work (I'm unclear about direct/indirect costs). They can also improve on their resources to reach greater impact.
World Toilet Organization (WTO) (1 recommendation) This is a world renowned organisation that has spawned many other country based toilet organisations. They are the pioneers of the World Toilet Day of 19 November annually.
World Toilet Organization (WTO)

http://www.worldtoilet.org/wto/

Evidence of Impact

O
This is a world renowned organisation that has spawned many other country based toilet organisations. They are the pioneers of the World Toilet Day of 19 November annually.

Organizational Strengths

O
Strong leadership, international recognition, and worldwide membership.

Areas for Improvement

O
This non profit must improve its footprint in Africa. Its members are in Asia, UK, Australia and Indonesia.

Philanthropedia is a division of GuideStar, a registered 501(c)3 nonprofit organization.
Through independent research, Philanthropedia has leveraged the wisdom of 3121 experts to provide reviews on 751 top nonprofits across 46 causes.